The Quran is the holy book of Muslims which is written in the Arabic language. Muslims follow the teachings of the Quran blindly, as they are directly from Allah SWT. Therefore the recitation of the Quran is considered a sensitive and delicate thing and there are proper rules for stopping in the Quran. You should have proper knowledge of the Arabic language if you want to read the Quran without making any mistakes. It is also important to remember that it is a sin to make even a minor mistake while reading the Quran.
A slight change in pronunciation can completely change the meaning of the verse. Quran being a comprehensive language, it is important that you learn it from a good Quran tutor especially if you are not a native Arab.
Waqf literally means to stop. It involves stopping the sound at the end of a word, generally for the time span of breathing, with the purpose of continuing the recitation rather than finishing it. An Ayah may have it at the conclusion or even in the midst. It can never, however, be in the middle of a word. Stopping in Quran is important to take a break and not get distracted.
Also Read: Surah Baqarah Benefits
Rules of Stopping In The Quran
(-) End of Verse
This sign is called “Waqf-e-Tamam” in the Arabic language. This simply indicates that the verse has ended and moving forward a new verse will start. While reading the Quran it is important that you stop wherever this symbol is present. This means that you can breathe and then continue ahead.
This sign also represents that the complete message has been given in the verse and now the reader should analyze the verse, understand its overall message, and get ready to learn about the next verse. This sign is also known as a “perfect stop”.
مـ – Compulsory Stop
This sign is called “Waqf-e-lazim”, in which lazim means imperative or something you have to do at any cost. If we find this symbol, that’s where we have to stop otherwise it will be a sin if we continue to read because it will tend to change the meaning. This will not bring you the benefits of reading the Quran and the happiness of Allah SWT. This is a very important rule of stopping in the Quran and we should be very careful about it.
The Absolute Pause – ط
“Waqf-e-Mutlaq” is a sign that makes the recitation of the Quran easy for the readers. It allows the reader to take a deep breath and then continue. It’s better that you stop here because in that way you can recite the Quran in a more comfortable manner. Taking necessary pauses helps you better understand the Quran and you end up making no or very less mistakes.
ج – Permissible Waqf
This sign is known as “Waqf e Jaiz” which means that if this sign appears you can stop and take a break and if not, you can continue reading. This means that it is not compulsory to stop at this sign, however, it’s better if you do, in order to understand the verse better. If you stop at this sign, you can better grasp the meaning of the previous part and get ready to read the new part of the same verse.
ز – You can continue reading
This sign of “Waqf e Mujawwaz” indicates that you do not have to stop here and just move forward without breathing. However, there is no prohibition if you want to stop and take a break.
ص – You Have a License Here to Stop
This is a sign of “Waqf e Murakh-khas” which means that if you are tired then you can pause and have a break. In such a case, if you continue reading then you won’t be able to understand the meaning of the verse and there are chances that you might make mistakes as well. However, it is advisable that you continue reading.
سکتہ – The Smaller Pause
This sign of “Saktah” is when the reader must stop but without breaking your breath. It is extremely challenging to comprehend this, but you may practise it as you study the Quran with your Quran tutor.
وقفتہ – The Long Pause
This sign of “Waqfah” is similar to the smaller pause (Saktah) yet the only difference is the time period of pause. When you see this symbol, you have to take a longer pause and then move ahead with your recitation. Same as Saktah, you cannot break your breath in Waqfa as well.
لا- Not necessary to stop here
It is the complete opposite of a necessary stop. It implies that you absolutely cannot stop here. The meanings will alter if you stop here, and you will be accountable for it. Although there are other stopping signals as well, you must first get a handle on them. By doing this, you’ll be able to read more fluently and comprehend the Holy Quran’s meanings.
صلي– Preference for Continuation
“Al-wasl Awlaa” tells us to keep reciting the verse without stopping. It is better that you continue recitation but if you want to stop then you can.
ق – Better not to Stop
Although there are conflicting views on whether or not to stop reciting the verses, “Qeela ‘Alayhil-Waqf” is an indication that indicates not to end recitation.
صل – The Permissible Pause
“Qad Yusal ” makes it clear that it is okay to keep reading, but it is preferred that you may stop now.
∴ – The Embracing Stop
“Mu’aanaqah” is a symbol that denotes stopping at one of the triplets it contains but not simultaneously discontinuing.
وقف النبی– The Pause of Prophet PBUH
Waqf-un-Nabi are signs where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stopped himself. It is better if you stop here and take a pause.
وقف غفران– The Sign of Supplication
A spot where the reader and listener should pause so they can offer a prayer to Allah SWT is designated as “Waqf e Ghufraan” by a symbol.
وقف منزل– The Pause Sign of Jibrael A.S
The “Waqf e Manzil” sign denotes Jibrael, the angel, pausing and stopping when he revealed the Quranic Verses to the Holy Prophet.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What Are The Rules Of Stopping When Reading The Quran?
- “قف” This is the Anticipation Mark. This is where it is preferred to stop.
- ∴ –The Embracing Stop: Two words from the Ayah contain the indication “Mu’aanaqah,” which indicates that if you want to stop on one of them, you may not stop on the other. However, it is also acceptable to carry on without stopping at any of them.
2. What Is Tajweed In The Quran?
When it comes to reading and reciting the Quran, Tajweed is essentially a collection of linguistic and pronunciation guidelines used to recite the Quran correctly, just like the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did. One of Islam’s and the Quran’s most well-known sciences is tajwid.
3. What Are The Rules Of Tajweed?
Following are the important rules of Tajweed:
- The noon or meem known as Noon and Meem Mushaddad are those which have shaddah with Ghunnah of two beats.
- Al-Qalqalah is the vibration made by adding sukoon or shaddah to the end of the pronunciation of any of the letters Qaaf, Ttaa, Baa, Jiim, or Daal.
4. What Is Tashdeed?
Tashdeed is used in the Arabic language to put emphasis. Instead of writing a letter twice, it is written once and a symbol is placed over that letter which is known as Tashdeed.
5. Why Are There Stops In The Quran?
These signs are put in place because the reciter could feel the need to pause, for instance, in order to take a breath or cater to other bodily needs. Anytime you feel tired or distracted then you should stop and continue later because the recitation of the Quran should be done with complete concentration and respect.
Also read: Benefits of listening to Quran Recitation
Reciting the Quran requires patience and your complete attention. Consistency is the key while reading the Quran. You should practice reading the Quran every day to avoid making mistakes. The important thing is Tajweed, it helps you in reading and understanding the Quran properly. Tajweed is a complete science that you should understand first and then apply.
The Quran has its own set of rules and principles and we are bound to follow them as it is, while reading the Quran. Long verses are usually hard to read and understand, therefore the Quran has been paused for better comprehension.
In this blog, we have explained in detail the important rules of stopping in the Quran. This will help you understand the recitation of the Quran and get better at it.